Eurodac

This Office is also involved in the coordinated supervision of Eurodac, which is an information system set up for the purpose of identifying the Member State responsible for an asylum application lodged within the European Union, and in order to speed up the asylum procedure. The system enables the identification of asylum seekers and persons who have illegally crossed an external border of the European Union. The system allows Member States, through comparison of fingerprints, to verify whether an asylum seeker or foreign national, found irregularly present within the community has previously claimed asylum in another Member State. In this manner, asylum shop around in other EU countries after having already been rejected in one Member State can be avoided.

In accordance with the Eurodac Regulation, all asylum applicants over the age of 14 should have their fingerprints taken when they request asylum. These fingerprints are sent electronically to Eurodac’s Central Unit, hosted within the European Commission. The system compares the fingerprints with those already stored in the database, enabling the authorities to check if the applicant had already submitted an asylum request in another Member State .

The Eurodac Supervision is carried out centrally, by the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), who is the competent authority to monitor the Central Unit, while at the national level, the data protection authorities of each participating state are responsible to oversee the collection, use and transmission of data occurring in their country.

In the framework of coordinated supervision, the European Data Protection Supervisor and Data Protection Authorities meet at least twice a year to discuss common issues relating to the supervision of the data processing in Eurodac.

For further information about Eurodac click here.​